Everything You Want To Know About a Washing Machine Drum

Whenever you decide to purchase a washing machine for your house, the drum is one of the important factors you shouldn’t miss. The washing machine’s drum or tub is a notable element that can impact the lifespan of your machine. Therefore, it’s important to consider the drum while choosing the best buy for yourself. 

So, use this guide to discover about different types of drum materials:

Table of Contents

The Material of the Drum Longevity 



Types Of DrumsLoading The Drum

Drum Placement

Does the size of the Drum really matter?


The Material of the Drum 

Nowadays, most washing machines are made of steel drums or porcelain enamel finish. Porcelain tubs are commonly found in mid-range washing machines. These tubs are made of heavy polymer plastic which is known to be enduring and is also cheap. Stainless steel drums are used in high-range washing machine models. 

Here are a few of the points which will help you find out which material is preferable for machine’s drum- 

  • Longevity 

Porcelain tubs can be a problem in the long-run. The porcelain enamel starts wearing off over time and uncovers the steel layer underneath. As a result, the steel will corrode which can stain the clothes and weaken the drum. But if we talk about plastic or stainless steel drums, they are more durable and substantial. However, stainless steel drums are tough compared to plastic ones and are capable of holding more washing spins and high speed. They truly make washing clothes an easier job. 


Washing machine drum has a lot of tiny holes so that the water can come in and go out and it also douses the clothes around.  In plastic or porcelain tubs, these holes become weak, over time, to absorb stains and the inside portion of the tub may also turn faded and foul-smelling. In comparison to it, the stainless steel can fight well with the rough stains and odour and remains less porous over the entire lifetime of the washing machine.  


Over the years, plastic drums or tubs can develop an inner rough surface. When these rough tubs are used for wash cycles, they can pull on the laundry which may lead to wear and tear of clothes. A stainless steel retains the smoothness and does not get rough with a passage of time, therefore, keeping your clothes safe and markable. 

Types Of Drums

Washing machines have different types of drums inside them. One such drum is steel drum. They are found in almost all modern washing machines with more premium features. Different brands have their own set of technology related to the steel drum. They set the advanced techniques to clean your clothes thoroughly without damaging them. 

For example- Samsung has come up with unique technology called Diamond design, running on its drums. It’s proven to be highly successful in the conducted tests. According to Samsung’s experiment, the textile area exposed to the harmful effects of washing by Conventional washing machine drums has been reduced by a tremendous 79%.

If we take the example of IFB, they have created a Crescent moon shaped cast on the inner linings of the machine’s drum. It is useful to absorb the hard hits during the wash cycle and ensures the clothes don’t run against the wall. It helps to give a deep gentle wash to clothes.  

Loading The Drum

Loading of the drum refers to the number of clothes inserted inside the drum. In such a case, the washing machine may find itself in two kinds of loading concerns- Underloading and Overloading. 


Overloading means filling the drum beyond its holding capacity. It can lay an impact on the overall performance of the washing machine. When you jam-packed the drum, the garments inside it will get in a lump with each other. With this problem, the detergent powder will not reach to each cloth and the water will also not get rinsed properly.  Due to less space, the clothes will not be able to complete their cycle, thus, the dirt will remain accumulated and clothes will also become creasy.  

To avoid such a situation, you should try to load the drum until it reaches 80% of its capacity. This will ensure enough space for the clothes to complete their wash cycles freely. There is another rule attached to it. If the washing machine has 6kg capacity, then it means 6kg of clothes which are of cotton material.

Therefore, you should carefully put 6kg of cotton garments. But if you are planning to wash woollen fabrics or your jeans, the measurement will transform. Wash cycles with such fabrics will be able to hold loads less than 6kg. You should fill the drum with fewer items to ensure that your clothes are well preserved and the creases are avoided.  


Underloading is the other type of issue encountered in the washing machine drum. It’s not at all advisable to underfill the drum, less than its capacity level. This is a total wastage of water as well as electricity. You are accessing the same function you would have used in the regular wash cycle.

In the same way, single jeans or a pair of socks will consume the same amount of power as compared to the drum filled items. So, it’s not sensible to underload the drum to use the washing machine. 

Drum Placement

A drum in the washing machine can be placed vertically and horizontally both. If the machine is top-load, then it will be using a vertical drum. If the machine is front-load, the horizontal drum will be placed inside the washing machine. 

Does the size of the Drum really matter?

The drum size of the washing machine may be small or large depending upon the machine. The size of the drum has nothing in relevance to the cleaning performance. You can’t say that if the size of the drum is big then it will clean your clothes more effectively. No, it is incorrect.

The larger drum means it has the capacity to hold more clothes which means more laundry can be done in every cycle. It is always recommended to do a few washes with more clothes rather than frequent usage of the machine with a smaller number of clothes. This will help to save power consumption and water effectively. Here, the large drum size is proved to be beneficial. 

Large drums are also designed to acquire heavy loads. It is programmed to carry the wash for large items such as bedsheets, covers or curtains. Some washing machines are also designed with a dedicated function for heavy load. 

For example- Some of the Samsung washing machines have a devoted feature for blanket wash and bulky bedsheets. But smaller washing machines may not be well equipped with these functions as they have the smaller drum size. 

With advantages, there are some disadvantages as well. Washing machines with larger drums are heavier on your pockets due to their additional functions. They are on the expensive side as compared to small drum machines. 

Moreover, if you are habituated to regularly running the machine with less number of clothes, then it will also expand your expenditure on electricity and water for every wash cycle.  


Drums play an important part in the overall washing mechanism. Therefore, you should know about its functions and choose the washing machine that suits your needs perfectly. In case you have some questions or queries, do not forget to drop it in our comment section below. 



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